June 27, 2018
Frock: Clojure-flavoured PHP

Frock is a little experimental tool for writing PHP scripts using Clojure-like LISP syntax.

If you want to see what the code looks like, here's an example which fetches and lists top news items from the Hacker News API.

Some Frock code

Frock could be interesting to you if you are LISP or Clojure programmer writing a web application which is mostly front-end code, but which needs some small amount of server side logic for e.g. proxying, authentication, data persistence etc. and you want this application to be easily deployable by semi-technical users on commodity hosting.

Basically if your target audience is graphic designers, you like Clojure, and your backend requirements are slim, then you might be interested.


Pythagoras says no to Fava beans

PHP is an old server-side web development language which is simultaneously loathed by software developers everywhere, and also wildly popular and widely deployed. To reconcile this paradox let's take a look at some pros and cons of PHP.



The pros make PHP quite democratic. It's very easy to install PHP code on widely available, cheap, commodity hosting. It's easy to get started writing PHP applications; the PHP binary comes pre-installed on OSX for example. PHP contains a lot of capabilities by default: zipping files, opening sockets, encryption, command execution.

Frock exists to make the language semantics and features less of a con for brace wrangling LISP heads, whilst retaining the wide deployment surface and other democratic features of PHP.

June 13, 2018
Browser Blockchain in ClojureScript

I built a little blockchain-in-a-browser in ClojureScript to help understand the underlying algorithms.

You can simulate a network of peers by opening multiple browser tabs. Each peer can mine blocks and make transactions independently and the resulting blockchain will resolve conflicts correctly across all tabs.

A blockchain works by laying down a chain of blocks of transaction data.

Bitcoin whitepaper SPV

Each block in the chain contains a cryptographic hash with two important properties:

The proof-of-work is accomplished by iteratively updating a nonce until a low-probability hash is discovered.

These two properties mean a blockchain is digital amber.

Insect embedded in amber

If somebody wants to modify a transaction deep inside the amber it would be very difficult because they would have to re-create every layer of the blockchain by doing as much work as the original process required.

In my browser blockchain the hashing is implemented like this:

(hash-object [timestamp transactions previous-hash nonce])

As you can see the previous block's hash is included in the current block.

The hashing is performed iteratively in a loop until a hash with at least one byte of leading zeroes is found:

(loop [c 0]
  (let [candidate-block (make-block (now) transactions previous-hash new-index (make-nonce))]
    (if (not= (aget (candidate-block :hash) 0) 0)
      (recur (inc c))

May 9, 2018
Across the Sea of Space

Mountain with space ship




Romanesque arial


Hillside, tree, and spacecraft


Airballoon over a valley

April 14, 2018
Scitech Show


I'm playing a show tonight at the local science education centre, Scitech, for their adult event, After Dark.

I'll play live electronic music using some Gameboy, Commodore 64, and Raspberry Pi gear and algorave Pd patches. I'll also give a little talk about the tech and how it works.

Scitech, After Dark

March 1, 2018
Plastimake's Great for Making Homethings


A couple of years ago my friend Joe recommended this stuff called Plastimake to me.

It is a hard plastic which goes soft and malleable at around 60 degrees celcius. You drop some in boiling water until it goes clear and soft and then you can mold it into whatever shape you want. It cools and hardens again quickly in whatever shape you have molded it into. You can re-heat it to soften and re-use it again.

Scout and I have used it several times to hand craft little figures for play. I've also used it around the home and when prototyping things as it's a very quick way to get a hard plastic into exactly the shape you want.

Here's their video which is clear and honest: